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It is generally agreed that the Mesopotamians did the first fusing and casting in the 2nd millennium B.C.
Early warm glass processes evolved from ceramics/metalworking techniques.
Glass was classed as a precious material alongside gold and silver.
Next came the Egyptians, who by the later half of the 2nd millennium B.C. were proficient in both casting and fusing. They also developed the technique of working with glass rods (now known as lampworking).
Romans and Greeks adapted and improved on early techniques from the 3rd century B.C. till the birth of Christ.
The development of kiln forming was put on hold when a new approach – Glassblowing was developed by the Romans.
Blowing became popular due to its greater efficiency, repeatability and lower cost.
Warm glass techniques were forgotten until they were rediscovered in Europe during the 19th Century.
One of the first areas to be developed was the ‘Pate de Verre’ movement in France.
Henri Cros, Albert Dammouse and Gabriel Argy-Rousseau developed methods for casting with a paste made from small glass particles.
In the early 20th century The Studio Glass movement, led by Harvey Littleton and centered on blowing brought respectability to working with glass.
The Bullseye Glass Co. formed by 3 glassblowers, played a significant role in the development of ‘Warm glass’. They led the first major research in the development of ‘tested compatible’ glass made specifically for fusing.
Today, after nearly 2 centuries of re-discovery, warm glass continues to develop and grow as a viable artistic discipline. The increasing availability of better materials and the continued experimentation of artists leaves warm glass poised for continuing growth during the 21st Century and beyond.

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